Is Summer No Longer The Season For Enjoyment?
- Swetha Y
- Jun 6, 2019
- 0 comment(s)
Is Summer No Longer The Season For Enjoyment?
The world is getting hotter, resulting in rising sea levels, more extreme weather like hurricanes, droughts, and floods, as well as other risks to the global climate like the irreversible collapsing of ice sheets. In March 2019, hundreds of Indian school students went on strike against climate change to demand that the government take responsibility for the increase in carbon emissions. This May, regions of India saw temperatures rise to whopping 48o Celsius. This could mean the end of fun activities and unwinding in summers.
Climate change has become a serious threat to the poor, particularly in developing countries. Impacts are going to avoidably worse, with massive disruption and loss of human life and of other species that invisibly support our ecosystems. In India, widespread and significant impacts of climate change have been noticed for at least 10-15 years in many regions. These impacts are adversely affecting all the diversities of life.
It is estimated that India spends around 9-10 billion USD on adverse agricultural produce caused by extreme weather conditions. This could increase as much as 40% by the year 2100 unless farming is adapted to climate change and related weather conditions. India, which is the second largest producer of wheat accounts for 13% of global wheat supply. With every 1 degree rise in temperature, India could lose 4-5 million tonnes of wheat production.
Temperatures in India have seen a substantial change and the country has experienced increases. The Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research has found that if global warming continues to develop, a temperature increase of 2o is projected to displace seven million people, with the submersion of major cities like Mumbai and Chennai.
High temperatures reduce labour productivity and can also harm health. Air-conditioning is the most common solution to deal with excessive heat. However, the negative effects of air-conditioning, such as increased energy consumption and pollution, cannot be ignored. Moreover, high up-front costs and infrastructure requirements push air conditioning out of reach for poor and vulnerable populations, especially in low-income countries.
District cooling, a centralized air-conditioning system where centrally chilled water is distributed to consumers through underground pipes, can reduce these negative effects. It is in use in several major cities in advanced economies and is currently under construction by the Government of Gujarat, India, in the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City. Centralized cooling systems reduce cost and pollution by consuming 35 to 50 percent less energy than individual air cooling units. These systems unburden the electricity sector and make indoor climate control more accessible by eliminating the up-front cost for its users.
Climate change adaptation can lessen the economic costs of climate change, as illustrated by our model simulation and various examples around the world. But investing in successful adaptation strategies is expensive. It will further stretch the budgets of already very poor countries, where the adverse effects of climate change are most pronounced.
Hence, it is imperative that the international community, particularly the advanced economies, which have emitted the lion’s share of greenhouse gasses, help finance adaptation related projects in poorer countries.
That said, adaptation alone is not enough. The only long-term solution for the climate change crisis is to sharply reduce the greenhouse gas emissions responsible for Earth’s warming. If, like America, large nations adopt a realist perspective, which does not prioritise climate change as a key global security issue, then the rest of the world is likely to suffer as a result. If global warming reaches dangerous levels, for example, if sea levels continue to rise significantly, traditional military methods will have no land to secure. This is pertinent in India, the largest democracy in the world is dedicated to tackling these issues by adopting a liberal approach.
Every day, Indian cities generate about 1,50,000 tonnes of solid waste. This waste ends up in landfills, lines our streets, smothers our drains and chokes our waterways. This is a big number — that’s like 50,000 elephants marching into our landfills, streets and drains every single day. To provide perspective, this is twice the number of actual elephants India has! Waste is a big problem, and a serious one too.
Waste management accounts for about 3% of annual global greenhouse gas emissions. But managing our waste represents probably one of the single strongest adaptive actions against a warmer climate. And given dire progress we are making in halting our warming emissions, we would do well to adopt.
Nearly 75% of business documents are in paper form. And, paper manufacturing is the third largest user of fossil fuels worldwide. Increased usage of paper is one of the major reasons for pervasive deforestation. E-learning has successfully battled with this issue and has caught the headlines. E-learning eliminates the use of paper and saves billions of trees decreasing deforestation.
E-learning has been helping ‘Mother Earth’ with its varied benefits in an effective method, paving the way to significantly reducing their carbon footprint. Just like e-learning offers best practices to save this environment, your simple and best practices will influence the fate of our planet. On occasion of this Earth Day, let’s payback to our ‘Mother Earth’ by creating more e-Learning and the indeed saving the environment before it’s too late.
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