Sitemap - XML & HTML
- Swetha Y
- Mar 5, 2020
- 0 comment(s)
XML & HTML Sitemap
What is a sitemap?
A sitemap is a file with the list of URLs where you provide information about the pages, videos, and other files on your site.
Search engines like Google read this file to crawl your site.
Types of Sitemaps:
1. HTML(HyperText Markup Language)Sitemap Mostly Used
2. XML (Extended Markup Language) Sitemap Sitemaps
3. RSS, mRSS, and Atom 1.0: If you have a blog with an RSS or Atom feed, you can submit the feed's URL as a sitemap.
Many blog software that will enable you to create a feed, but this feed only provides information on recent URLs.
Google accepts RSS 2.0 and Atom 1.0 feeds.
One can use media RSS feed to provide Google details about video content present on your website.
A video sitemap is a sitemap with additional information about video hosted on your pages. Creating a video sitemap is an excellent way to help Google find and understand the video content on your site, especially content that was recently added or that we might not otherwise discover with our usual crawling mechanisms.
4. Google sites
If you've created and verified a site using Google Sites, Sites will automatically generate a sitemap for you. You cannot modify the sitemap, but you can submit it to Google if you want to read the sitemap report data. Note that your sitemap might not be displayed properly if you have more than 1,000 pages in a single sub-directory.
If your site is hosted at Google Sites, your sitemap
URL is https://sites.google.com/site/yoursitename/system/feeds/sitemap
If you created your site using Google Apps, your sitemap
URL is https://sites.google.com/yourdomain/yoursitename/system/feeds/sitemap
WHAT IS HTML SITEMAP?
HTML - HyperText Markup Language - HTML Sitemaps are the formatted list of URL's usually located at the bottom of the website for the users to show what is present on the website.
HTML has a limited value in the case of SEO.
Tools used for generating HTML Sitemap:
3. Power Mapper
WHAT IS XML SITEMAP?
A sitemap that helps the search engine discover all the pages on your website which you wish the URLs to be crawled and indexed by the search engine.
XML - Extended Markup Language machine-readable information which provides an efficient list of URLs of your website to the search engine.
· XML Sitemaps are very useful for larger websites to avoid the crawler to take a long time to cover all the URLs present on the website.
· Every site has a specific amount of credit allocated to their site, so no search engine will simply crawl every URL the first time it encounters it.
The Tiffany sitemap has four types of data for each product URL:
1. lastmod. When the URL’s content was last updated.
2. changefreq. How often the content is typically changed.
3. priority. Assigns a numerical value from 0 to 1 that represents the importance of that content. setting every page priority to 1 will tend search engine to ignore all the web pages.
4. hreflang. Identifies the URLs targeting other languages. This is an optional attribute that is usually found on a web page but can also be included in XML sitemaps.
Tools used to generate XML Sitemap:
4. power mapper
5. write maps
6. slick plan
How to Add XML Sitemap to the website?
First, you must generate XML Sitemap using a tool - XML Sitemap Generator or any other.
Second, download the sitemap file.
Third, upload the file to the website from the backend creating afield - if you are not a developer you can instruct the developer to create a field for you (Sitemap must be accessible to Google crawler and not be restricted by any login requirements)
You can test if the sitemap is accessible to Googlebot by seeing if you can browse to the sitemap URL in cognitive mode. By entering https://www.example.com/sitemap )
Fourth, Update on Google Search Console:
1. Open the Sitemaps report in the Index Section.
2. Enter the relative URL to the sitemap in the Sitemaps report and click Submit.
Manage sitemaps for multiple sites
A single sitemap which includes URL’S of multiple sites and including sites from different domains.
Example: https://host1.example.com/sitemap.xml can include multiple URL’s
An individual sitemap that all reside in a single location.
Note: cross-site submission works when all sites have been verified in search console
The sitemap should be processed immediately. However, Google takes some time to crawl the list of URL’s submitted as a sitemap, and not all URLs submitted will be crawled depending on the site size, traffic, and other constraints.
Author: Swetha y
Digital Marketing Executive